Neapolis is the southest city of the Greek mainland and is inhabited by about 2800 residents. It is built where the ancient city of Voies used to be, which is how it got its second name, 'Vatika'. It is a fairly new city, and its construction began in 1837, by the Bavarian architect Bierbach. It was very prosperous during the Roman Times. At 375 A.D. it was completely destroyed by a massive earthquake, and part of it sunk under the sea. It was newly named 'Neapolis' (meaning "New City" in Greek) in 1845. In the city square, on the seaside road, stands the statue of "The Vatikan Seafarer", which is made of brass.
One of the city's characteristics is its quantity of remarkable churches, such as the church of Agia Triada, and the church of Agios Nektarios (a local resident's donation), located on an ascent in the south side of the beach. The city also has an Archaeological Museum, which is housed in the old hospital of the area. Many findings have been transferred there from the Museum of Sparta. In one of Neapoli's picturesque settlements, Paradisi, there is a Folklore Museum. On a small square in front of the Town Hall, there is a monument to the people who died in 1912, fighting against Turkish forces. Neapolis is the center of economy and trade of the area, and is connected by boat to Elafonisos, which is located only a short distance away.